8.0 Introduction

8.0.1   National planning policy9 sets out the importance of balancing the transport system in favour of sustainable modes. Promoting walking, cycling and public transport gives people a real choice about how they travel, and can also generate health, social-inclusion and air-quality benefits, particularly important within Bargate Bridge and Haven Bridge Air Quality Management Areas in Boston. However, national planning policy9 recognises that solutions will vary from urban to rural areas.

8.0.2    This is particularly important in South East Lincolnshire, where key roads, including the A16, A52 and the A17, are the point of arrival for those travelling by road from the East Midlands and the East of England. They are also heavily used to connect communities; 81.5% of households in South East Lincolnshire have access to a car (compared to 74.2% nationally)15, and it is expected that the car is likely to remain an essential mode of transport for residents, particularly within the more remote parts of the rural area.

8.0.3    The highways network also provides important routes for businesses, such as the agricultural and horticultural industries that use the network to move goods and freight to, from and across South East Lincolnshire. Roads such as the A17 and the A52 are also important tourist routes during the summer to both the Lincolnshire and Norfolk coasts. As a result, parts of these key routes experience high traffic flows and congestion at peak times.

 8.0.4    Within the Boston and Spalding built-up areas, the bus network is relatively good with fully accessible IntoTown services operating, while the InterConnect services operate regularly along the key inter-urban corridors (e.g. Spalding – Holbeach – Sutton Bridge). Across the rural areas, the demand-responsive CallConnect services provide pre-bookable, flexible feeder services to local centres and onward connections to the larger urban centres. However, services typically remain very limited in the evenings and at weekends.

 8.0.5    The Joint Line railway running through Spalding provides connections with Peterborough, and has recently been upgraded to provide increased freight capacity. However, the increased freight services together with the large number of level crossings in South Holland have an adverse impact on other parts of the transport network, slowing traffic flows at certain times. Meanwhile, the recently-upgraded Poacher Line (within Boston Borough) has stations at Swineshead, Hubberts Bridge and Boston, providing well-used connections to Lincoln, Grantham, Sleaford and Skegness in Lincolnshire.

8.0.6    The 4th Lincolnshire Local Transport Plan (LTP4) (2013/14 – 2022/23)26 and complementary transport strategies for Boston and Spalding45,44 provide an approach to the provision and improvement of transport and access for each town and the surrounding area. Developed jointly by Lincolnshire County Council and the relevant Local Authority, as well as with key stakeholders and through wider public engagement, the strategies:

  • address existing issues and support proposals for significant growth in each town in the short, medium and long-term;
  • cover provision of improved and sustainable transport policy, services and infrastructure;
  • are designed to support economic development aiding the long-term prosperity of Boston town, Spalding and their surrounding areas;
  • propose interventions which can be delivered over a range of time frames as each town expands, and provides a sustainable framework for transport infrastructure investment in Boston and Spalding for the next 20 years or so;
  • emphasise potential partnerships to delivery and how the planning process can be used to enable economic development and deliver supporting transport interventions, whilst maintaining Boston and Spalding as high-quality places in which to live and work.

7.0 Introduction

7.0.1   The NPPF9 seeks to balance the protection and development of land. Natural and historic built environments should be protected from development. If development is necessary it should seek to protect and enhance the site’s important features, and its relationship with other natural and built environment sites, in order to make the best use of the site.

7.0.2        Although visual appearance and the architecture of individual buildings are important factors, securing high-quality and inclusive design goes beyond aesthetic considerations. Therefore, planning policies and decisions should address the connections between people and places and the community facilities they provide, as well as the integration of new development into the natural, built and historic environment. The planning system can play an important role in facilitating social interaction and creating healthy, inclusive communities and as such should seek to protect existing, or provide new, built or open-space and community facilities.

7.0.3    Planning plays a key role in helping shape places to secure reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, minimising vulnerability and providing resilience to the impacts of climate change, and supporting the delivery of renewable and low-carbon energy and associated infrastructure. This is central to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.

7.0.4   In preparing Local Plans to meet development needs, the aim should be to minimise all forms of pollution (including visual) on the local and natural environment and where necessary remediate existing contamination. Accordingly, this Local Plan seeks to allocate land for development with the least environmental or amenity value, where consistent with its other policies.

6.0 Introduction

6.0.1        South East Lincolnshire’s eight town centres and local shops and services provide important opportunities for shopping, leisure and socialising as well as being key drivers of the local economy. National planning policy9 identifies that town centres are the preferred location for retailing and other ‘main town centre uses’ (offices, leisure, entertainment, arts, culture and tourism development, and intensive sport and recreation uses) – this is where the majority of retail development and other main town centre uses are concentrated, and where additional such development should go over the Local Plan period.

6.0.2    In general, South East Lincolnshire is well provided with shopping facilities; the quantity and quality (in terms of accessibility and the range of retailers and retail formats) is broadly appropriate to meet the needs of local people19. Most people are able to purchase convenience-goods (food and everyday items) within South East Lincolnshire, but there is a higher level of comparison-goods expenditure (clothes and household goods) outside the Local Plan area, although variations occur depending upon location and goods type. Residents have a fairly high level of satisfaction with current provision, but the Town Centre and Retail Capacity Study (2013)19 estimates that additional retail development will be required by 2031.

6.0.3    However, like many other areas in the UK, town centres within South East Lincolnshire face a number of challenges including changing consumer behaviour, such as online shopping and car-based out-of-centre retail and leisure development. Over the Local Plan period, the area’s town centres will have to take on new roles that continue to respond to the needs of local people, while being resilient to economic change.

5.0 Introduction

5.0.1    South East Lincolnshire is a popular place to live, having a range of housing in rural and urban settings. New housing is required to help address current and future housing needs, support the local economy, deliver infrastructure and ensure the sustainability of the Local Plan area.

5.0.2    The quality of the housing ‘offer’ – the range of housing and the attractiveness of housing environments available in both the existing stock and new development – is an important factor determining future prosperity. Attracting and retaining skilled and qualified people to live in South East Lincolnshire will help bring in commercial investment and jobs growth, as businesses take advantage of a pool of local skilled labour. It will benefit the town centres and help drive-up the quality of local facilities, as there will be more demand for shops, cultural and leisure facilities, and good quality schools.

5.0.3    This Local Plan aims to establish a more balanced market and create a better range and mix of housing opportunities in a range of locations. The South East Lincolnshire authorities will work proactively with owners and developers of these sites to ensure that they become places of choice for people to live, and that they contribute to a change in the image of South East Lincolnshire’s housing market.

4.0 Introduction

4.0.1        South East Lincolnshire is located within both the Greater Lincolnshire Local Enterprise Partnership (GLLEP) and the Greater Cambridge and Peterborough Local Enterprise Partnership which are committed to delivering sustainable economic growth in their areas over the Local Plan period. The GLLEP in particular has set ambitious targets in respect of key growth sectors; the aspiration is for agri-food, logistics, education, research and development, and the visitor economy to increase their economic value over the Local Plan period. Additionally the aim is to diversify the local economy and jobs market to attract more highly-skilled and high-value employment to the area37. This Local Plan has a fundamental role to play in the delivery of these aspirations.

3.0 Introduction

3.0.1 The following suite of policies set out the approach to delivering sustainable development across South East Lincolnshire to 2036. In doing so, these policies set out where new growth is expected to go, the infrastructure required in support and how such development will be delivered over the Local Plan period, ensuring that positive improvements are sought in the quality of the built, natural and historic environment, as well as to resident’s quality of life.

2.0 Introduction

2.0.1 The policies and proposals in this document have been prepared having regard to the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)9, supplemented by the National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG)10, the Government’s East Inshore and East Offshore Marine Plan11 and individual policies on specific topics, such as traveller sites, sustainable drainage, and starter homes. The Local Plan must be consistent with these Government policies but, by and large, it does not repeat them – instead, it seeks to build on them and provide a South East Lincolnshire interpretation of them. At a more local level, the Local Plan also has to be consistent with Lincolnshire Minerals and Waste Local Plan Core Strategy and Development Management Policies document1 as well as the emerging Site Locations document12.

Appendix 5 Local Plan Implementation

Objective
Monitoring Indictor (s)
Trigger
Actions
SA Objective (s)
Policy 1: Presumption in Favour of Sustainable Development
Ensure the timely approval of applications within statutory timescales, or extended timescales where agreed ·   Applications determined within defined timescales

·   % appeals dismissed

Monitor performance via returns to CLG and appeals reporting to committees Consider changes in procedures where corrective action is identified All
Policy 2: Spatial Strategy
Delivery of development according to the settlement hierarchy

 

 

 

 

Links to Policies 8 and 11

·  The amount of services lost/gained within each settlement boundary

·  No of planning permissions approved for non-countryside uses outside settlement boundaries

 

Monitoring will consist of an assessment of the development delivered (net employment land & net dwellings completions) & the relationship to settlement boundaries/ hierarchy of settlements.

Deviation from expected delivery of development according to the settlement hierarchy Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/ deviation, actions may include:

• engaging with stakeholders;

• preparation of an interim position statement;

• bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

• a partial review of the Local Plan

1: Housing, 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 5: Education, 8: Landscape, 9: Soil, air and water quality, 10: Land and waste, 14: Economy
Policy 3: Development Management
Seeking to deliver proposals that accord with sustainable development principles

 

 

Links to Policies 4, 5, 6, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 31

 

·  No of planning applications refused on flood risk grounds

·  No of planning applications refused due to inappropriate design

 

Monitoring will consist of an assessment of indicators utilised for related detailed policies  identified

Decision monitoring Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives All
Policy 4: Design of New Development
Promotion of high quality and inclusive design and layout in development proposals ·  No of planning applications refused due to inappropriate design Decision monitoring

 

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives All
Policy 5: Strategic Approach to Flood Risk
Locating major development in areas at the lowest hazard or probability of flooding whilst ensuring no increase in flood risk as a result of the development. ·   Provision of new strategic flood mitigation infrastructure

·   No of planning permissions granted contrary to Environment Agency advice on the grounds of flooding/water quality

·   Housing permissions and completions in ROY zones

Decision monitoring and annual analysis of housing completions/permissions to assess development in ROY zones. Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 6: Green infrastructure, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk, 12: Climate change
Policy 6: Meeting Physical Infrastructure and Service Needs
Ensuring the delivery of necessary infrastructure requirements related to development proposals. ·   No of infrastructure-related planning conditions discharged

·   No of infrastructure related obligations within a s106 agreement delivered

·  Annual review of the IDP and open space standards via the AMR to consider if delivery of infrastructure is consistent with objectives of the Local Plan

·  Decision monitoring with respect to s106 and delivery of infrastructure

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 5: Education, 6: Green infrastructure, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 11: Flood risk
Policy 7: Developer Contributions
Application of developer contributions to developments above national prescribed thresholds ·  No of s106 agreements signed annually

·   Level of developer contributions funding secured annually

·   No of schemes where site–specific viability assessment leads to developer contributions not being sought

Annual review of approach to developer contributions Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 5: Education, 6: Green infrastructure, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 11: Flood risk
Policy 8: Improving South East Lincolnshire’s Employment Land Portfolio
Delivery of a portfolio of

employment land supply across a range of sites

·  Enterprises by industry

·  Land currently in B1, B2 and B8 use

·  Total amount of additional (net & gross) employment floorspace by type

·  Available allocated employment land with & without planning permission

·  Loss of employment land by type

Annual monitoring of take-up of B Class development with additional intelligence on general economic trends Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/deviation, actions may include:

• engaging with stakeholders;

• preparation of an interim position statement;

• bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

• partial review of Local Plan

3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 5: Education, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste. 13: Economy
Policy 9: Promoting a Stronger Visitor Economy
·  Delivery of tourism and visitor economy facilities;

·  Specific policy approach to Springfields Shopping and Festival Gardens

·  Expenditure in the visitor economy ·  Annual monitoring of tourism/ visitor economy developments

·  Specific consideration of any proposals at Springfields Shopping and the Festival Gardens to determine policy success

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 5: Education, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 13: Economy
Policy 10: Meeting Objectively Assessed Housing Need
Provision of 18,300 dwellings (7,550 in Boston BC and 10,750 in South Holland DC) over the plan period. ·   No of housing completions per annum for the Plan area & by LPA

·   Assessment of Five Year Housing Land Supply

Annual updates via the AMR on completions and permissions

 

Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/deviation, actions may include:

·    engaging with stakeholders;

·    preparation of an interim position statement;

·    bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

·    partial review of Local Plan

1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity
Policy 11: Distribution of New Housing
Delivery of housing targets set out by settlement ·   No of housing completions per annum for the Plan area & by settlement

·   Housing commitments derived from extant & submitted planning applications, by settlement per annum

 

Annual updates via the AMR on completions and permissions Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/deviation, actions may include:

·    engaging with stakeholders;

·    preparation of an interim position statement;

·    bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

·    partial review of Local Plan

1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk
Policy 12: Vernatts Sustainable Urban Extension
Delivery of the specific development as an urban extension to Spalding including its attendant infrastructure ·   No of housing completions within the sustainable urban extension per annum

·   Amount of the northern phase of the SWRR delivered within each five year period

Annual updates via the AMR on completions and permissions Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/deviation, actions may include:

·    engaging with stakeholders;

·    preparation of an interim position statement;

·    bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

·    partial review of Local Plan

1: Housing, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 7: Green infrastructure, 8: landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk
Policy 13: Holbeach West Sustainable Urban Extension
Delivery of the specific development as an urban extension to Holbeach including its attendant infrastructure ·   No of housing completions per annum

·   Delivery of Peppermint Junction highways improvements

Annual updates via the AMR on completions and permissions Depending on the scale and nature of the potential under-delivery/deviation, actions may include:

·    engaging with stakeholders;

·    preparation of an interim position statement;

·    bringing forward additional allocations; and/or

·    partial review of Local Plan

1: Housing, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 7: Green infrastructure, 8: landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk
Policy 14: Providing a Mix of Housing
Delivery of a mix of housing as defined by the policy ·  No of homes completed by size to meet market and affordable housing needs per annum Annual review of the mix of housing delivered Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity
Policy 15: Affordable Housing
Delivery of affordable housing as defined by the policy ·   No of affordable homes completed per annum Annual review of the affordable housing delivery Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity
Policy 16: Rural Exception Sites
Delivery of specific rural exceptions sites. ·   No of affordable and market homes committed on Rural Homes Exception Sites Annual review of rural exceptions housing delivery Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape
Policy 17: Accommodation for Gypsy, Travellers and Travelling Showpeople
Delivery of the identified requirement for Gypsy and Traveller pitches, and Travelling Showpeople plots ·   Net additional permanent residential pitches for gypsies and travellers

·   Net additional transit or stopping place pitches for gypsies and travellers

·   Net additional permanent residential & seasonal plots for travelling showpeople

Annual review of pitches and plots delivered Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape
Policy 18: Houses in Multiple Occupation and the Sub-Division of Dwellings
Ensuring a suitable mix of housing is available within the Local Plan area ·   No of HMOs and flat conversions refused

·   The mix of sizes of housing completed compared with the Strategic Housing Market Assessment

Annual review of the mix of housing delivered Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity
Policy 19: Replacement Dwellings in the Countryside
Delivering replacement dwellings in the countryside ·  No of replacement dwellings completed in the countryside Annual review of the delivery of new replacement dwellings Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape
Policy 20: The Re-Use of Buildings in the Countryside to Residential Use
Making provision for the conversion and reuse of rural buildings to dwellings. ·   No of new dwellings completed by converting redundant rural buildings to residential use Annual review of the delivery of dwellings converted from redundant rural buildings Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 1: Housing, 4: Social inclusivity
Policy 21: The Retail Hierarchy
·  Establishing a retail hierarchy for the Local Plan area.

·  Setting a thresholds for Retail Impact Assessments

·  New allocations for Local Centres at urban extensions in Spalding and Boston

·   Total amount of floor space for town centre uses within the town centre boundary

·   Vacancy rates for retail use in the town centres

·   Amount of floor space completed for town centre uses by type, by centre and for the Local Plan area

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of relevant centres to determine vitality and viability

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 5: Education, 13: Economy
Policy 22: Primary Shopping Frontages
Establishing primary shopping frontages for Spalding and Boston ·   Amount of floor space for retail use within the primary shopping frontages

·   Vacancy rates by unit in the primary shopping frontages

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of relevant centres to determine vitality and viability

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 13: Economy
Policy 23: Additional Retail Provision
Setting out the expected additional retail floorspace (comparison and convenience) required over the Local Plan period. ·   Total amount of floor space completed for town centre uses by type, by centre and for the Local Plan area

·   Amount of comparison goods floorspace completed at Springfields Shopping and Festival Gardens

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of relevant centres to determine vitality and viability

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape, 9: Soil, air and water quality, 10: Land and waste, 13: Economy
Policy 24: The Natural Environment
·  Application of HRA requirements with respect to major development proposals in the Local Plan area.

·  General application of protection to national and locally-designated habitats and species

·  Addressing gaps in the ecological network in the Local Plan area

·   No of planning applications refused due to their impact on the natural environment

·   No of hectares of mitigation where planning permission granted on protected sites

·   No of hectares of restoration, enhancement or connection of habitats and ecological networks

·   No of hectares of Suitable Alternative Natural Greenspace

·   No and type of conservation features incorporated into buildings

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of state and quality of natural environment features (working with relevant nature conservation bodies)

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 4: Social inclusivity, 6: Green infrastructure, 8: Landscape, 9: Soil, air and water quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk, 12: Climate change
Policy 25: The Historic Environment
·  Policy approach with respect to Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas within the Local Plan area

·  The role of enabling development in securing improvements/ enhancements to heritage assets

·   No of planning applications refused for not conserving or enhancing designated or undesignated assets

·   No of planning applications refused for having an adverse impact on listed buildings or sites of special historic or archaeological interest

·   No of planning permissions granted for the demolition of listed buildings/buildings in conservation areas

·   No of planning applications refused for having an adverse impact upon the dominance of church towers, spires and traditional windmills

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of state and quality of historic environment features (working with relevant heritage bodies)

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 7: Heritage, 8: Landscape, 9: Soil, water and air quality, 10: Land and waste
Policy 26: Pollution
Criteria based policy setting out approach to pollution impacts of development proposals ·   No of planning applications refused owing to environmental impact

·   No of AQMAs in South East Lincolnshire

·   Number of contaminated sites developed

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of state & quality of AQMA & contaminated land sites (working with environmental services teams in Boston and South Holland)

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk, 12: Climate change
Policy 27: Climate Change and Renewable and Low Carbon Energy
·  Setting out the approach to evaluating proposals with respect to their potential impacts on climate change

·  Providing criteria to consider proposals for renewable energy

·   No of planning permissions approved for renewable & low carbon energy

·   No of developments that are designed to minimise & mitigate the impacts of climate change

Decision monitoring Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, water and soil quality, 10: Land and waste, 11: Flood risk, 12: Climate change
Policy 28: Community, Health and Well-being
Broad ranging policy covering various factors that require consideration when determining planning proposals including rights of way; encouraging healthy lifestyles; and provision of new or enhancement to existing community facilities ·   No of planning applications refused because they have an unacceptable impact on the criteria

·   No of planning permissions granted for the provision of new community facilities and/or the enhancement of existing community facilities

·   No, area, and area/1,000 people by open space type

Decision monitoring

 

Periodical surveys of open spaces to determine level of access (likely to be an external consultancy commission)

Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 4: Social inclusivity, 5: Education, 6: Green infrastructure, 8: Landscape, 9: Land and waste
Policy 29: Delivering a More Sustainable Transport Network
·  Identification of specific new road infrastructure and road improvements (Spalding Western Relief Road; Boston Distributor Road; and Peppermint Junction (Holbeach)

·  Seeking general improvements to the rail network.

·  Setting out the general approach to protecting and improving pedestrian and cycle networks

·  Requiring Transport Assessments and Travel Plans where appropriate

·   CO2 emissions per head

·   Number of AQMAs in South East Lincolnshire

·   No of planning permissions granted with approved Travel Plan

·   No of electric vehicle charging points provided in association with new development

·   No of planning permissions granted with new or improved access facilities for the disabled

Decision monitoring Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, soil and water quality, 12: Climate change
Policy 30: Delivering the Spalding Transport Strategy
Identifies the mechanism for securing the delivery of transport initiatives and the SWRR to mitigate the adverse impacts of new housing in Spalding No of Spalding Transport Strategy projects completed Annual review of developer contributions secured Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 2: Health and well-being, 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, soil and water quality, 12: Climate change
Policy 31: Vehicle and Cycle Parking
·  Setting out standards for vehicle and cycle parking

·  Criteria for evaluating planning proposals with respect to parking

·   No of Council car parking bays in the Town Centres, by short stay (time limited), short stay unlimited and long stay (annual frequency)

·   No of electric vehicle charging points provided in association with new development

·   No of planning permissions granted with new or improved parking facilities for the disabled

Decision monitoring Review circumstances and if appropriate review policy and alternatives 3: Transport, 4: Social inclusivity, 8: Landscape, 9: Air, soil and water quality, 12: Climate change